This Primer addresses the role that information and communication technology (ICT) can play in enhancing the ability and capacity of humans to deal with the impact of climate change and contribute to sustainable development. The principle of sustainable development is an important guide to ensure that the use of ICT to tackle climate change effects is done in a way that does not impact on the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
There are two main policy responses to climate change: mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation addresses the root causes, by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, while adaptation seeks to lower the risks posed by the consequences of climatic change. Both approaches will be necessary, because even if emissions are dramatically decreased in the next decade, adaptation will still be needed to deal with the global changes that have already been set in motion.
Note that climate change mitigation is not the same as disaster mitigation. Climate change mitigation includes actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Disaster risk mitigation is the lessening or limitation of the impact of hazards such as floods and earthquakes. It includes the implementation of structural measures (e.g. flood gates) and non-structural measures (e.g. land-use planning) so that when a disaster strikes, its impact on communities is lessened.
This Primer focuses on the role that ICT can play in climate change adaptation and mitigation. Since climate and the environment are linked, this Primer also considers the role of ICT in helping humans understand the environment that surrounds them, which is a prerequisite for tackling the problems of climate change.
While the Primer also considers the role of ICT in and disaster risk management (DRM), it does so in regards to some new ICT-based applications that are not covered in Primer 3, which provides a comprehensive overview of the role of ICT in DRM.
||Introduction to Disaster Risk Management
||The Need for ICTs in Disaster Risk Management
||ICT for Disaster Mitigation
||ICT for Disaster Preparedness
||ICT Applications for Green Growth and Sustainable Development
The primer aims to:
- Introduce the key concepts and issues in climate change, Green Growth and ICT;
- Foster a better understanding of how ICTs can be used to adapt to climate change effects,with case studies of ICT applications;
- Foster a better understanding of how ICTs can be used to achieve reductions in greenhousegas emissions, with case studies of ICT applications; and
- Provide a Green Growth-oriented approach to development, and discuss the role of the ICT sector in promoting Green Growth.