As information and communication technology (ICT) cuts across the traditional industrial sectors and geographical boundaries, much attention is paid to designing the appropriate institutions for ICT policy agenda including e-government. Economic and social developments of a country are influenced more importantly by the institutional factor than by technological or demographic factors, as was mentioned by Douglas North, the Nobel Prize winner in economics in 1993. Countries tend to reflect their unique realities in institutional arrangements for ICTD policy.
Institution building refers to conscious efforts of policy makers in public organizations to direct societal changes by adapting existing institutional arrangements to new circumstances or developing new institutions. It is a kind of capital to include organizing principles, legal and regulatory framework, and financial management indispensable to formulating ICTD policy. There are three institutional models of public organizations: traditional central ruler, bureaucratic agency, and policy network. These provide different explanations for the role and behavior of actors in the policy cycle of formulation, implementation, and evaluation.
|1||Introduction and Institutions (Organizations) for ICTD Policy: A Framework
||Institutions (Organizations) for ICTD Policy in Korea
||Institutions for e-Government Policy in Korea and Policy Recommendations
The series aims to:
- Provide critical information about different aspects of ICTD national policies, strategies and legal instruments;
- Discuss issues around developing and implementing ICTD policy; and
- Discuss other countries' case of regulatory frameworks and financial management
After working on this series, readers should be able to:
- Describe the ICTD policy process;
- Discuss how ICTD institutions are structured; and
- Discuss key issues in ICTD institution building.