The linkage between information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) appears at times clear and at other times fuzzy. But the linkage exists and it merits elaboration and explanation. This module invites readers to explore the various dimensions of the linkage through case studies of ICT applications in key sectors of development in Asia Pacific countries. The module also highlights key issues and decision points, from policy to implementation, in the use of ICTs to meet development needs. The aim is to foster a better understanding of how ICTs can be used for social and economic development, and to equip policymakers and programme managers with a development-oriented framework for ICT-based and ICT-supported interventions in a range of social sectors.
The first section (Session 1 and 2) of the module introduces readers to the broad contours of the Millennium Development Goals and the progress of the Asia Pacific region toward the achievement of these goals. The section also introduces readers, in particular those with limited or no background in technology, to ICTs and the characteristics that make them strategic tools for development.
The second section (Session 3 and 4) of the module explores the use of ICTs in specific MDG sectors. Using selected case studies to describe the diversity of ICT use, the section highlights both the strengths and the weaknesses one might find in ICT applications in key sectors of development.
The final section (Session 5) of the module describes, in broad terms, challenges in the application of ICTs for development. It underscores the need for ICTD programmes and projects to be 'of the people, by the people, and for the people'. People-centric, rather than technology-centric, approaches are always more successful.
|1||ICTs and MDGs
||Bridging the Digital Divide
||Applications of ICTs in Development
||Applications of ICTs Development
||Challenges to the use of ICTs in Development
The module aims to:
- Argue the case for ICTs in development;
- Describe the macro relationship between the MDGs and ICTs;
- Foster a better understanding of how ICTs can be used to achieve social and economic development; and
- Provide a development-oriented framework for ICT-based and ICT-supported projects and interventions in a range of social sectors.
After working on this module, readers should be able to:
- Provide a rationale for the use of ICTs to achieve development goals;
- Cite and discuss examples of ICT applications in key sectors of development, in particular poverty alleviation, agriculture, education, health, gender, government and governance, and disaster and risk management;
- Discuss challenges in the effective application of ICTs for development; and
- Discuss key factors in the design and implementation of ICT for development projects and programmes.